Urban Geohazards - Integrated Approaches in Applied Geophysics for Monitoring of Sinkhole and Landslide Processes
Subsurface investigation and monitoring in urban areas has to take sealed surfaces and densely built and populated areas into account. Here, the introduced shear-wave reflection seismic system developed at LIAG suggests a solution for acquisition technology by using horizontally polarized shear waves (SH-waves). Our seismic acquisition system combines specifically developed vibrator sources with a land streamer that can be towed behind a recording car. This setup is able to operate in residential areas, providing an image of the uppermost 100-150 m of the subsurface in great detail. Thus, by combining SH source signals and SH receivers in one survey, full SH-wave reflection acquisition is possible, which is dedicated to urban applications and accounts for sealed surfaces. In addition to the structural imaging, the gained shear-wave interval velocity can be translated to the shear modulus, thereby providing a proxy for in situ soil stiffness, a key geotechnical parameter.